Know the difference between vectors and scalars
Perform vector addition and basic trigonometry

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**Motion**

Understand the different components of motion (displacement, velocity, acceleration, circular motion, projectile motion) and their equations

Interpret and predict graphs of motion

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**Forces**

Understand and apply Newtonâ€™s laws

Understand gravity, the normal force, tension, torque, springs, and friction

Determine the centre of gravity and the net force affecting it

Know F=ma

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**Energy**

Understand the nature of energy and its conservation

Know the rules for potential and kinetic energy

Equate and resolve various forms of energy

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**Work**

Understand work and know W=Fd

Know the relationships between work, energy and power

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**Momentum**

Understand momentum and its conservation

Know what impulse is and understand it graphically

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**Simple Machines**

Understand the inclined plane, pulley and lever

Apply the concepts of work and energy to these machines

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**Fluids**

Understand pressure, density and specific gravity

Apply the principle of buoyancy

Understand and predict the flow of fluids

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**Solids**

Understand thermal expansion

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**Magnetism**

Understand and apply the concepts of magnetic and electric fields

Use the right-hand-rule to predict the force on a particle

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**Electricity**

Know and apply the rules of charge

Predict the effect of charged particles on each other

Know how charge through a wire is related to electric and magnetic fields

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**Circuits**

Know the differences between series and parallel circuits

Determine the resistance, current or voltage of circuits

Predict the effect of changes to a circuit

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**Waves**

Know the terminology and types of waves

Know the relationship between velocity, frequency and wavelength

Predict the result of interference

Understand simple harmonic motion

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**Sound**

Understand how the decibel scale works

Understand the Doppler effect and beat frequency

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**Light**

Know how reflection and refraction work

Predict the path of light as it traverses different media

Understand how lenses and mirrors work

Predict the location and dimensions of images formed by mirrors and lenses

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**Radioactivity**

Understand the concept of half-life

Know the different types of radioactive decay and their properties